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School Systems: Provinces and Nations Communities

school systems: As for all other public schools and universities, the constitution assigns them, exclusively, to the provinces, according to Rabble. There is one circumstance, however, where the federal government has a key role to play in this jealously guarded provincial jurisdiction. Ottawa is responsible for education in First Nations communities, and that's it. If provinces wish to abolish constitutionally guaranteed denominational school systems -- that is, systems based on religion -- they must get the agreement of the parliament in Ottawa. Both provinces were motivated by cost and efficiency, although Quebec had an additional preoccupation. In the 1990s, Quebec and Newfoundland both sought, and received, the federal parliament's accord to get rid of their religious-based school systems and replace them with, in each case, a single, secular system. ( As reported in the news.